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Departamental II – 240
Area of Biodiversity and Conservation
Universidad Rey Juan Carlos
c/ Tulipán, s/n.
E-28933 Móstoles
Phone: +34 91 488 7090
E-mail: carmen.molina at urjc.es
Homepage at URJC
ORCID: 0000-0002-8397-5887
ResearcherID: H-9399-2015


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1995 Ph D thesis in Biological Sciences, Plant Physiology
1991 Degree in Population Genetics (Universidad Complutense de Madrid)
1990 BsC in Biological Sciences (Universidad Complutense de Madrid)
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  • Study of lichen biodiversity. Biodistribution, conservation and evolutionary patterns.
  • Evaluation of the implication of endophytic bacteria in the acclimatization capacity of plants to stressful environmental conditions.
  • Interest in investigating how different philosophical and religious views can contribute, from their traditions and essential values, to the achievement of environmental sustainability.


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Full professor (professor). I teach Biology in the degrees of Food Science and Technology and of Experimental Sciences, and Plant Physiology and Ecophysiology in the degree of Biology.

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Molina, M. C.; Bautista L. F.;  Belda, I.;  Carmona, M.; Díaz, E.; Durante-Rodríguez, G.; García-Salgado, S.; López, J.; Martínez-Hidalgo, P.; Quijano, M. A.; White, J. F.; González, N. (2019). Bioremediation of soil contaminated with arsenic. In: Ashok, K., Swati, S. (eds.)  Microbes and enzymes in soil health and bioremediation: 321-351. Springer, Berlin.

Molina, M. C.; White, J. F.; Kingsley, K. L.; González-Benítez, N. (2019). Seed endophytes of Jasione montana: arsenic detoxification workers in an eco-friendly factory. In: Verma, S. K.; White, J. F. (eds.) Seed endophytes: biology and biotechnology: 365-384. Springer Nature Switzerland, Cham.

Salmerón, A.; Murillo, Y.; Bautista, L. F.; González, N.; Molina, M. C.; Vargas, C.; Simarro, R. (2015). Bacterial identification and assessment of treatments to avoid microbial growth in diesel fuel storage tanks. En: Bartz, W. J. (ed.) Fuel conventional and future energy for automobiles: 173-179. Technische Akademie Esslingen, Ostfildern.

Molina, M. C.; Fontaniella, B. (2008). Yeast-mycelial dimorphism of haploide strains of Sporisorium scitamineum. En: Legaz, M. E.; Vicente, C. (eds.) Biochemical responses of plants to invaders: 97-108. Research Signpost, Kerala.

Crespo, A.; Argüello, A.; Blanco, O.; Gasca, C.; Molina, M. C. (2006). Sistemática e valor dos caracteres em liquens. En: Filho, L. X.; Legaz, M. E.; Vicente, C.; Pereira, E. C. (eds.) Biología de liquens: 320-340. Ambito Cultural Ediçöes Ltda.

Crespo, A.; Argüello, A.; Blanco, O.; Gasca, C.; Molina, M. C. (2004). Los caracteres taxonómicos en líquenes: una nueva perspectiva. Editorial Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid.

Molina, M. C.; Stocker-Wörgötter, E.; Zorer, R.; Türk, R.; Vicente, C. (1997). Comparison between recent-isolated and cultured natural populations of photobionts from Xanthoria parietina. En: Schenk, H. E. A.; Herrmann, R. G.; Jeon, K. W.; Müller, N. E.; Schwemmler, W. (eds.) Eukaryotism and symbiosis: intertaxonic combination versus symbiotic adaptation: 484-490. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Molina, M. C.; Vicente, C.; Pedrosa, M. M.; Legaz, M. E. (1997). Isoforms of arginase in the lichens Evernia prunastri and Xanthoria parietina: Physiological roles and their implication in the controlled parasitism of the mycobiont. En: Schenk, H. E. A.; Herrmann, R. G.; Jeon, K. W.; Müller, N. E.; Schwemmler, W. (eds.) Eukaryotism and symbiosis: intertaxonic combination versus symbiotic adaptation: 477-483. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Pereyra, M. T.; Molina, M. C.; Segovia, M.; Mateos, J. L.; Vicente, C. (1996). Study of phenolic production of immobilized cells from Xanthoria parietina in calcium-alginate matrix. En: Wijffels, R. H.; Buitelaar, R. M.; Bucke, C.; Tramper, J. (eds.) Immobilized cells: basics and applications: 390-394. Elsevier Science, B.V.

Molina, M. C.; Vicente, C. (1993). Loss of photoergonic condition of Xanthoria parietina photobiont effected by an algal-binding protein isolated from the same lichen species. En: Sato, S.; Ishida, M.; Ishikawa, H. (eds.) Endocytobiology V: 69-74. Tübingen University Press, Tübingen .

Vicente, C.; Molina, M. C. (1993). Filipin, an effector of proton pumps, modifies phenolic excretion from thalli of the lichen Evernia prunastri. En: Sato, S.; Ishida, M.; Ishikawa, H. (eds.) Endocytobiology V: 81-84. Tübingen University Press, Tübingen.

Vicente, C.; Molina, M. C. (1993). Enzymatic degradation of physodic acid and parietin by stored thalli of Pseudevernia furfuracea and Xanthoria parietina by immobilized enzymes and cells. En: Cramer, J. (ed.) Phytochemistry and chemotaxonomy of lichenized Ascomyces: A festschrift in honour of Siegfried Huneck: 267-276. Bibliotheca Lichenologica.

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Molina, M. C. and Pérez-Garrido, M. (2022). Laudato si´and its influence on sustainable development five years later: A first look at the academic productivity associated to this encyclical. Environmental Development, 100726.

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González-Benítez, N.; Martín-Rodríguez, I.; Cuesta, I.; Arrayás, M.; Molina, M. C. (2021). Endophytic microbes are tools to increase tolerance in Jasione plants against arsenic stress. Frontiers in Microbiology 12: 664271.

González-Benítez, N.; Molina, M. C.; Arrayás, M. (2021). Empirical evidence and mathematical modelling of carbamazepine degradative kinetics by a wood-rotting microbial consortium. Waste Biomass Valor 12: 995–1003.

Molina, M. C.; White, J. F.; García-Salgado, S.; Quijano, M. A.; González-Benítez, N. (2021). A gnotobiotic model to examine plant and microbiome contributions to survival under arsenic stress. Microorganisms 9: 45.

Moya, P.; Molins, A.; Škaloud, P.;  Divakar, P. K.; Chiva, S.; Dumitru, C.; Molina, M.C.; Crespo, A.; Barreno, E. (2021). Biodiversity patterns and ecological preferences of the photobionts associated with the lichen-forming genus Parmelia. Frontiers in Microbiology 12: 765310.

White, J. F.; Chang, X.;  Kingsley, K. L.; Zhang, Q.;  Chiaranunt, P.; Micci, A.;  Velazquez, F.; Elmore W.; Crane, S.;   Li, S.; Lu, J.; Molina Cobos, M. C.; González-Benítez, N.; Beltrán-García, M. J.;  Kowalski K. P. (2021). Endophytic bacteria in grass crop growth promotion and biostimulation. Grass Research 1: 5.

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de las Heras, I.; Molina, R; Segura, Y.; Hülsen, T.; Molina, M. C.; González, N.; Melero, J. A.; Mohedano, A. F.; Martínez, F.; Puyol, D. (2020). Contamination of N-poor wastewater with emerging pollutants does not affect the performance of purple phototrophic bacteria and the subsequent resource recovery potential. Journal of Hazardous Materials 385: 121617.

Díaz, E. M.; Zamora, J. C.; Ruibal, C. ; Divakar, P. K.; González-Benítez, N.; Le Devehat, F. ; Chollet, M. Ferron, S. Sauvager, A. ; Boustie, J.; Crespo, A.; Molina, M. C. (2020). Axenic culture and biosynthesis of secondary compounds in lichen symbiotic fungi, the Parmeliaceae. Symbiosis 82: 79-93.

González-Benítez, N.; Bautista, L. F.; Simarro, R.; Vargas, C; Salmerón, A.; Murillo, Y.; Molina, M. C. (2020). Bacterial diversity in aqueous/sludge phases within diesel fuel storage tanks. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 36: 180.

Molina, M. C.; Bautista, L. F.; Catalá, M.; de las Heras, M. R.; Martínez-Hidalgo, P.; San-Sebastián, J.; González-Benítez, N. (2020). From laboratory tests to the ecoremedial system: the importance of microorganisms in the recovery of PPCPs-disturbed ecosystems. Applied Sciences 10: 3391.

Nairn, C.; Rodríguez, I.; Segura, Y.; Molina, R.; González-Benítez, N.; Molina, M. C.; Simarro, R.; Melero, J. A.; Martínez, F.; Puyol, D. (2020). Alkalinity, and not the oxidation state of the organic substrate, is the key factor in domestic wastewater treatment by mixed cultures of purple phototrophic bacteria. Resources 9: 88.

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Alors, D.; Cendón, Y.; Divakar, P. K.; Crespo, A.; Benítez, N. G.; Molina, M. C. (2019). Differences in sexual aposymbiotic phase of the reproductive cycle of Parmelina carporrhizans and Parmelina quercina. Possible implications in its reproductive biology. Lichenologist 51: 175-186.

Cardós, J. L. H.; Prieto, M.; Jylhä, M.; Aragón, G.; Molina, M. C.; Martínez, I.; Rikkinen, J. (2019). A case study on the re-establishment of the cyanolichen symbiosis: where do the compatible photobionts come from? Annals of Botany 124: 379–388.

Herrera, P.; Suárez, J. P.; Sánchez-Rodríguez, A.; Molina, M. C.; Prieto, M.; Méndez, M. (2019). Many, broadly shared mycobionts characterize mycorrhizal interactions of two coexisting epiphytic orchids in a high elevation tropical forest. Fungal Ecology 39: 26-36.

Irimia-Vladu, M.; Kanbur, Y.; Camaioni, F.; Coppola, M.;  Yumusak, C.; Irimia, C.; Vlad, A.; Operamolla, A.; Farinola, G.; Suranna, G. P.; González-Benítez, N.; Molina, M. C.;  Bautista, L.; Langhals, H.; Stadlober, B.; Głowacki, E.; Sariciftci, N. (2019). On the stability of selected hydrogen-bonded semiconductors in organic electronic devices. Chemistry of Materials 31: 6315-6346.

Vargas, C.; Simarro, R.; Reina, J. A.; Bautista, L. F.; Molina, M. C.; González-Benítez, N. (2019). New approach for biological synthesis of reduced graphene oxide. Biochemical Engineering Journal 151: 107331.

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Herrera, P.; Kottke, I.; Molina, M. C.; Méndez, M.; Suárez, J. P. (2018). Generalism in the interaction of Tulasnellaceae mycobionts with orchids characterizes a biodiversity hotspot in the tropical Andes of Southern Ecuador. Mycoscience 59: 38-48.

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Alors, D.; Grande, F.; Cubas, P.; Crespo, A.; Schmitt, I.; Molina, M. C.; Divakar, P. K. (2017). Panmixia and dispersal from the Mediterranean Basin to Macaronesian Islands of a macrolichen species. Scientific Reports 7: 40879.

Molina, M. C.; Divakar, P. K.; Goward, T.; Millanes, A. M.; Lumbsch, H. T.; Crespo, A. (2017). Neogene diversification in the temperate lichen-forming fungal genus Parmelia (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota). Systematics and Biodiversity 15: 166-181.

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Bautista, L. F.; Vargas, C.; González, N.; Molina, M. C.; Simarro, R.; Salmerón, A; Murillo, Y. (2016). Assessment of biocides and ultrasound treatment to avoid bacterial growth in diesel fuel. Fuel Processing Technology 152: 56–63.

Divakar, P. K.; Leavitt, S. D.; Molina, M. C.; Del-Prado, R.; Lumbsch, H. T.; Crespo, A. (2016). A DNA barcoding approach for identification of hidden diversity in Parmeliaceae (Ascomycota): Parmelia sensu stricto as a case study. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 180: 21-29.

Molina, M. C.; González Benítez, N.; Simarro, R.; Bautista, L. F.; Vargas, C.; García-Cambero, J. P.; Díaz, E. M.; Arrayás M.; Quijano, M. A. (2016). Bioremediation techniques for naproxen and carbamazepine elimination. Toxicity evaluation test. Chemistry Today 34: 31-38.

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Beck, A.; Divakar, P. K.; Zhang, N.; Molina M. C.; Struwe, L. (2015). Evidence of ancient horizontal gene transfer between fungi and the terrestrial alga Trebouxia. Organisms, Diversity and Evolution 15: 235-248.

Divakar, P. K.; Crespo, A.; Wedin, M.; Leavitt, S. D.; Myllys, L.; McCune, B.; Randlane, T.; Bjerke, J. W.; Ohmura, Y.; Schmitt, I.; Boluda, C. G.; Alors, D.; Roca-Valiente, B.; Del-Prado, R.; Ruibal, C.; Buaruang, K.; , Núñez-Zapata, J.; Amo de Paz, G.; Rico, V. J.; Molina, M. C.; Elix, J. A.; Esslinger, T. L.; Tronstad, I. K. K.; Lindgren, H.; Ertz, D.; Gueidan, C.; Saag, L.; Tõrra, T.; Singh, G.; Dal Grande, F.; Parnmen, S.; Beck, A.; Benatti, M. N.; Blanchon, D.; Candan, M.; Clerc, P.; Goward T.; Grube, M.; Hodkinson, B. P.; Hur, J-S.; Kantvilas, G.; Kirika, P. M.; Lendemer, J.; Mattsson, J.-E.; Messuti, M. I.; Miadlikowska, J.; Nelsen, M.; Ohlson, J. I.; Pérez-Ortega, S.; Saag, A.; Sipman, H. J. M.; Sohrabi, M.; Thell, A.; Thor, G.; Truong, C.; Yahr, R.; Upreti, D. K.; Hawksworth, D. H.; Cubas, P.; Lumbsch, H. T. (2015). Evolution of complex symbiotic relationships in a morphologically derived family of lichen-forming fungi. New Phytologist 208: 1217-1226.

Molina, M. C.; Divakar, P. K.; González, N. (2015). Success in the isolation and axenic culture of Anaptychia ciliaris (Physciaceae, Lecanoromycetes) mycobiont. Mycoscience 56: 351-358.

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Bautista, L. F.; Vargas, C.; González, N.; Molina, M. C.; Simarro, R.; Salmerón, A.; Murillo, Y. (2014). Physical and chemical treatments to prevent the growth of microorganisms in diesel fuel storage tanks. Chimica Oggi – Chemistry Today 32: 56-71.

Ferencova, Z.; Cubas, P.; Divakar, P. K.; Molina, M. C.; Crespo, A. (2014). Notoparmelia, a new genus of Parmeliaceae (Ascomycota) based on overlooked reproductive anatomical features, phylogeny and distribution pattern. The Lichenologist 46: 51-67.

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Del-Prado, R.; Blanco, O.; Lumbsch, H. T.; Divakar, P. K.; Elix, J. A.; Molina, M. C.; Crespo, A. (2013). Molecular phylogeny and historical biogeography of the lichen-forming fungal genus Flavoparmelia (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota). Taxon 62: 928-939.

González, N.; Bautista, L. F.; Molina, M. C.; Simarro, R.; Vargas, C.; Flores, R.(2013). Efecto de la concentración de surfactante y de la temperatura en la biodegradación de naftaleno, antraceno y fenantreno por Enterobacter sp., Pseudomonas sp. y Stenotrophomonas sp. aislados de un consorcio degradador de HAP. Anales de Química 109 (3): 1–6.

Molina, M. C.; Divakar, P. K.; Zhang, N.; González, N.; Struwe, L. (2013). Non-developing ascospores found in apothecia of asexually reproducing lichen-forming fungi. International Microbiology 16: 145-155.

Simarro, R.; González, N.; Bautista, L. F.; Molina, M. C. (2013). Biodegradation of high-molecular-weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by a wood degrading bacterial consortium at low temperatures. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 83: 438-449.

Simarro, R.; Gonzalez, N.; Bautista, L. F.; Molina, M. C. (2013). Assessment of the efficiency of in situ bioremediation techniques in a creosote polluted soil: Change in bacterial community. Journal of Hazardous Materials 262: 158-167.

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Simarro, R.; González, N.; Bautista, L. F.; Molina, M. C.; Schiavi, E. (2012). Evaluation of the influence of multiple environmental factors on the biodegradation of dibenzofuran, phenanthrene, and pyrene by a bacterial consortium using an orthogonal experimental design. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 223: 3437-3444.

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González, N.; Simarro, R.; Molina, M. C.; Bautista, L. F.; Delgado, L.; Villa, J. A. (2011). Effects of surfactants on PAH biodegradation by a bacterial consortium and on the dynamics of the bacterial community during the process. Bioresource Technology 102: 9438-9446.

Molina, M. C.; Divakar, P. K.; Millanes, A. M.; Sánchez, E.; Del-Prado, R.; Hawksworth, D. L.; Crespo, A. (2011). Parmelia sulcata (Ascomycota: Parmeliaceae), a sympatric monophyletic species complex. The Lichenologist 43: 585-601.

Molina, M. C.; Del-Prado, R.; Divakar, P. K.; Sánchez-Mata, D.; Crespo, A. (2011). Another example of cryptic diversity in lichen-forming fungi: the new species Parmelia mayi (Ascomycota: Parmeliaceae). Organisms Diversity and Evolution 11: 331-342.

Popovkin, A. V.; Mathews, K. G.; Mendes Santos, J. C.; Molina, M. C.; Struwe, L. (2011). Spigelia genuflexa (Loganiaceae), a new geocarpic species from the Atlantic forest of northeastern Bahia, Brazil. PhytoKeys 6: 47-65.

Simarro, R.; González, N.; Bautista, L. F.; Sanz, R.; Molina, M. C. (2011). Optimisation of key abiotic factors of PAH (naphtalene, phenanthrene and anthracene) biodegradation process by a bacterial consortium. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 217: 365-374.

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Crespo, A.; Kauff, F.; Divakar, P. K.; del Prado, R.; Pérez-Ortega, S.; Amo de Paz, G.; Ferencova, Z.; Blanco, O.; Roca- Valiente, B.; Núñez-Zapata, J. L.; Cubas, P.; Argüello, A.; Elix, J. A.; Esslinger, T. L.; Hawksworth, D. L.; Millanes, A. M.; Molina, M. C.; Wedin, M.; Ahti, T.; Aptroot, A.; Barreno, E.; Bungartz, F.; Calvelo, S.; Candan, M.; Cole, M.; Ertz, D.; Goffinet, B.; Lendemer, J.; Lindblom, L.; Lücking, R.; Lutzoni, F.; Mattsson N. J.; Messuti, M. I.; Miadlikowska, J.; Piercey-Normore, M.; Rico, V. J.; Sipman, H.; Schmitt, I.; Spribille, T.; Thell, A.; Thor, G.; Upreti, D. K.; Lumbsch, H. T. (2010). Phylogenetic generic classification of parmelioid lichens (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota) based on molecular, morphological and chemical evidence. Taxon 59: 1735-1753.

Del-Prado, R.; Cubas, P.; Lumbsch, H. T.; Divakar, P. K.; Blanco, O.; Amo de Paz, G.; Molina, M. C.; Crespo, A. (2010). Genetic distances within and among species in monophyletic lineages of Parmeliaceae (Ascomycota) as a tool for taxon delimitation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56: 125-133.

Otálora, M. A. G.; Martínez, I.; Aragón, G.; Molina, M. C. (2010). Phylogeography and divergence date estimates of a lichen species complex with a disjunct distribution pattern. American Journal of Botany 97: 216-223.

Otálora M. A. G.; Martínez, I.; Aragón, G.; Molina, M. C.; Lutzoni, F. (2010). Disentangling the CollemaLeptogium complex through a molecular phylogenetic study of the Collemataceae (Peltigerales, lichen-forming Ascomycota). Mycologia 102: 279-290.

Otálora, M. A. G.; Martínez, I.; O´Brien, H.; Molina, M. C.; Aragón, G.; Lutzoni, F. (2010). Multiple origins of high reciprocal symbiotic specificity at an intercontinental spatial scale among gelatinous lichens (Collemataceae, Lecanoromycetes). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56: 1089-1095.

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Bautista, L. F.; Sanz, R.; Molina, M. C.; González, N.; Sánchez, D. (2009). Effect of different non-ionic surfactants on the biodegradation of PAHs by diverse aerobic bacteria. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 63: 913-922.

Molina, M. C.; González, N.; Bautista, L. F.; Sanz, R.; Simarro, R.; Sánchez, I.; Sanz, J. L. (2009). Isolation and genetic identification of PAH degrading bacteria from a microbial consortium. Biodegradation 20: 789-800.


Lubinsky, P.; Cameron, K. M.; Molina, M. C.; Wong, M.; Lepers-Andrzejewski, S.; Gómez-Pompa, A.; Kim, S.-C. (2008). Neotropical roots of a Polynesian spice: the hybrid origin of Tahitian vanilla, Vanilla tahitensis (Orchidaceae). American Journal of Botany 95: 1040-1047.

Otálora, M. A. G.; Martínez, I.; Molina, M. C.; Aragón, G.; Lutzoni, F. (2008). Phylogenetic relationships and taxonomy of the Leptogium lichenoides group (Collemataceae, Ascomycota) in Europe. Taxon 57: 907-921.


Lawrey , J. D.; Binder, M.; Diederich, P.; Molina, M. C.; Sikaroodi, M.; Ertz, D. (2007). The phylogenetic distribution of lichen-associated fungi among the major clades of homobasidiomycetes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44: 778-789.


Cameron, K. M.; Molina, M.C. (2006). Photosystem II gene sequences of psbB and psbC clarify the phylogenetic position of Vanilla (Vanilloideae, Orchidaceae). Cladistics 22: 239-248.


Divakar, P. K.; Molina, M. C.; Lumbsch, H. T.; Crespo, A. (2005). Parmelia barrenoae, a new lichen species related to Parmelia sulcata (Parmeliaceae) based on molecular and morphological data. Lichenologist 37: 37-46.

Molina, M. C.; Depriest, P. T.; Lawrey, J. D. (2005). Genetic variation in the widespread lichenicolous fungus Marchandiomyces corallinus. Mycologia 97: 454-463.


Molina, M. C.; Crespo, A.; Blanco, O.; Lumsch, H. T.; Hawksworth, D. L. (2004). Phylogenetic relationships and species concepts in Parmelia s. str. (Parmeliaceae) inferred from nuclear ITS rDNA and ß-tubulin sequences. Lichenologist 36: 37-54.

Otálora, M.A.G.; Aragón, G.; Martínez, I.; Molina, M. C. (2004). A new corticolous species of Leptogium (Collemataceae) from Spain. Lichenologist 36: 197-202.


Legaz, M. E.; Molina, M. C.; Vicente, C. (2003). Lichen lectins: glycoproteins for cell recognition. Current Topics in Plant Biology 4: 63-78.

Molina, M. C.; Crespo, A.; Vicente, C.; Elix, J. A. (2003). Differences in the composition of phenolics and fatty acids of cultured mycobiont and thallus of Physconia distorta. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 41: 175-180.

Molina, M. C.; Vicente, C. (2003). Estimation by high performance liquid chromatograpy of the phaeophytinization index in the lichen Ramalina farinacea. Phyton Journal Experimental Botany : 227-232.


Crespo, A.; Molina, M. C.; Blanco, O.; Schroeter, B.; Sancho, L .G.; Hawksworth D. L. (2002). rDNA ITS and β-tubulin gene sequence analyses reveal two monophyletic groups within the cosmopolitan lichen Parmelia saxatilis. Mycological Research 106: 788-795.

Molina, M. C.; Crespo, A.; Blanco, O.; Hawksworth, D. (2002). Molecular phylogeny and status of Diploicia and Diplotomma, with observations on Diploicia subcanescens and Diplotomma rivas-martinezii. Lichenology 34: 509-519.


Crespo, A.; Molina, M. C.; Elix, J. A. (2001). A new species of Xanthoparmelia lichenized Ascomycotina, Parmeliaceae) from Spain. Mycotaxon 80: 363-366.


Elix, J. A.; Louwhoff, S. H. J. J.; Molina, M. C. (2000). Two new species of Xanthoparmelia (Ascomycotina, Parmeliaceae) from Australia containing norlobaridone. Mycotaxon 74: 499-503.

Fontaniella, B.; Molina, M. C.; Vicente, C. (2000). An improved method for the separation of lichen algae. Phyton-Ann Rei Bot Austria 40: 323-328.

Molina, M. C.; Crespo, A. (2000). Comparison of development of axenic cultures of five species of lichen-forming fungi. Mycologycal Research 104: 595-602.

Molina, M. C.; Vicente, C. (2000). Purification and characterization of two isolectins developing arginase activity from the lichen Xanthoria parietina. Journal Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 33: 300-307.


Molina, M. C.; Bajon, C.; Sauvanet, A.; Robert, D.; Vicente, C. (1998). Detection of polysaccharides and ultrastructural modification of the photobiont cell wall produced by two arginase isolectins from Xanthoria parietina. Journal of Plant Research 111: 191-197.

Molina, M. C.; Stocker-Wörgötter, E.; Türk, R.; Bajon, C.; Vicente, C. (1998). Secreted, glycosylated arginase from Xanthoria parietina thallus induces loss of cytoplasmic material from Xanthoria photobionts. Cell Adhesion and Communication 6: 481-490.

Reyes, A.; Molina, M. C.; Vicente, C. (1998). Correlation between enviromental factors and lichen metabolism: isozymes and phenolic acids. Nova Hedwigia 67: 59-69.

Molina, M. C.; Stocker-Wörgötter, E.; Türk, R.; Vicente, C. (1997). Axenic culture of the mycobiont of Xanthoria parietina in different nutritive media, effect of carbon source in spores germination. Endocytobiology and Cell Research 12: 103-109.

López-Bilbao, M.; Molina, M. C.; Reyes, A. (1996). A substrate dependent genic expression modification study in the lichen Xanthoria parietina. Cryptogamie, Bryologie et Lichenologie 17: 15-19.

Molina, M. C.; Vicente, C. (1996). High-performance liquid chromatographic characterization of two lichen lectins with arginasa activity, differing in the glycosil moiety. Journal of Liquid Chromatography 19: 2101-2115.

Molina, M. C.; Vicente, C. (1996). Ultrastructural deterioration of Xanthoria parietina produced by a Xanthoria lectin. Journal Phyton-Ann Rei Bot Austria 36: 197-207.

Molina, M. C.; Vicente, C.; Pedrosa, M. M.; Muñiz, E. (1996). Binding of a labelled phytohaemagglutinin from the lichen Xanthoria parietina to its own phycobiont and analysis of its enzymatic activity. Journal Phyton-Ann Rei Bot Austria 36: 145-158.

Reyes, A.; López-Bilbao, M.; Molina, M. C. (1996). Relationship between isozymic variability and enviromental condition in the lichen Xanthoria parietina. Phyton 36: 265-275.


Molina, M. C.; Vicente, C. (1995). Correlationships between enzymatic activity of lectins, putrescine content and chloroplast damage in Xanthoria parietina phycobionts. Cell Adhesion and Communication 3: 1-12.

Molina, M. C.; Segovia, M.; Solas, M. T.; Vicente, C. (1994). Immobilization of phycobionts cells on bioskin, a natural product of microbial origin. Journal of Biotechnology 37: 209-215.

Molina, M. C.; Vicente, C. (1994). The distribution and mobility of the phycobiont in the thalli and apothecia of Usnea aurantioaco-atra Jacq. Phyton Journal Experimental Botany 56: 81-89.

Mateos, J. L.; Pedrosa, M. M.; Molina, M. C.; Pereira, E. C.; Vicente, C.; Legaz, M. E. (1993). Involvement of phytochrome mediated cyclic AMP in the synthesis and deposition of fumarprotocetraric acid on cortical hyphae of Cladonia verticillaris. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 31: 667-674.

Molina, M. C.; Muñiz, E.; Vicente, C. (1993). Enzymatic activities of algal-binding protein and its algal cell wall receptor in the lichen Xanthoria parietina. An approach to the parasitic basic of mutualism. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 31: 131-142.

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Sierra, M. I. et al. (2012). Comunicaciones y actividades realizadas en la II Jornada de Estudiantes del Grado en Ciencia y Tecnología de los Alimentos (URJC). En: Sierra, I. (ed.) Evaluación de competencias en el marco del Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior. Editorial URJC.

Sierra, M. I. et al. (2012). Propuesta de innovación y mejora en la calidad docente aplicada al Grado en Ciencia y Tecnología de los Alimentos en la URJC. En: Pérez, D.; López, S. (eds.) Evaluación de Competencias en el Marco del Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior IV Jornada. Editorial URJC.

Bravo, M.; Molina, M. C. (2020). Como presentar un buen trabajo fin de grado en revisión. Presentación de un modelo como alternativa. BURJC Digital – Repositorio Institucional de la URJC.

Molina, M. C. (2020). Innovación en Biología para la consecución de algunos ODS. Aprendizaje Servicio en el laboratorio de Ecofisiología. En: Investigación docente e investigación en educación. Avanzando en el proceso de enseñanza aprendizaje: 1153-1163. Dikinson Editorial.

Molina, M. C. (2020). Una aproximación sobre la sostenibilidad ambiental en los grados universitarios de Medicina. En: Investigación docente e investigación en educación. Avanzando en el proceso de enseñanza aprendizaje: 1165-1173. Dikinson Editorial

[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=»Popular science and other publications» tab_id=»1530106431467-84f53277-6756″][vc_column_text]

Molina, M. C. (2004). Historia de un alga de vida libre o el porqué de la independencia femenina. Clementeana 5: 19-23.

Molina, M. C. (2013). 065 Biología. Los líquenes y sus aplicaciones para el ser humano. In: Bandera, M.; Gaugg-Berghausen, J. (coord.) La uni en la calle: 146-147. Cooperativa MásPúblico, Valdemoro.

Valladares, F. et al. (36 coautores). (2019). Cambio climático, deforestación, huracanes y otras verdades científicas. Expansión 28 septiembre: 50.

Molina, M. C. (2019). Un cambio de conciencia: el pecado ecológico.

Molina, M. C. (2020). Frente al deterioro medioambiental…. usemos las virtudes. Landscare 3.

Molina, M.C. (2020). El origen del coronavirus no es una cuestión de evangelización. Religión Digital.