Departamental II – DII. 239
Area of Biodiversity and Conservation
Universidad Rey Juan Carlos
c/ Tulipán, s/n.
E-28933 Móstoles (Madrid)

Phone: +34 91 488 8102
Fax:      +34 91 664 7490
E-mail: natalia.gonzalez at

Short CV

1994 – BsC in Biological Sciences (Universidad de Oviedo)

2001 – PhD in Biology (Universidad de Oviedo)

2002-2003 Marie Curie post-doc researcher at the Laboratoire d’Océanographie de Villefranche (France)

2003-2010 Assistant lecturer (Rey Juan Carlos University)

2010 -2017 Assistant professor (Rey Juan Carlos University)

Current position

Associate professor (senior lecturer).

I teach Microbiology in the degrees of Biology and of Environmental Sciences, and Microbial Physiology and Ecophysiology in the degree of Biology.

Research interests

González-Benítez, N.; Durante-Rodríguez, G.; Kumar, M.; Carmona, M. (2021). Editorial: Biotechnology for arsenic detection and bioremediation. Frontiers in Microbiology 12: 743109. PDF

González-Benítez, N.; Martín-Rodríguez, I.; Cuesta, I.; Arrayás, M.; Molina, M. C. (2021). Endophytic microbes are tools to increase tolerance in Jasione plants against arsenic stress. Frontiers in Microbiology 12: 664271. PDF

González-Benítez, N.; Molina, M. C.; Arrayás, M. (2021). Empirical evidence and mathematical modelling of carbamazepine degradative kinetics by a wood-rotting microbial consortium. Waste Biomass Valor 12: 995–1003. PDF

Molina, M. C.; White, J. F.; García-Salgado, S.; Quijano, M. A.; González-Benítez, N. (2021). A gnotobiotic model to examine plant and microbiome contributions to survival under arsenic stress. Microorganisms 9: 45.

White, J. F.; Chang, X.;  Kingsley, K. L.; Zhang, Q.;  Chiaranunt, P.; Micci, A.;  Velazquez, F.; Elmore W.; Crane, S.;   Li, S.; Lu, J.; Molina Cobos, M. C.; González-Benítez, N.; Beltrán-García, M. J.;  Kowalski K. P. (2021). Endophytic bacteria in grass crop growth promotion and biostimulation. Grass Research 1: 5.

de las Heras, I.; Molina, R; Segura, Y.; Hülsen, T.; Molina, M. C.; González, N.; Melero, J. A.; Mohedano, A. F.; Martínez, F.; Puyol, D. (2020). Contamination of N-poor wastewater with emerging pollutants does not affect the performance of purple phototrophic bacteria and the subsequent resource recovery potential. Journal of Hazardous Materials 385: 121617.

Díaz, E. M.; Zamora, J. C.; Ruibal, C. ; Divakar, P. K.; González-Benítez, N.; Le Devehat, F. ; Chollet, M. Ferron, S. Sauvager, A. ; Boustie, J.; Crespo, A.; Molina, M. C. (2020). Axenic culture and biosynthesis of secondary compounds in lichen symbiotic fungi, the Parmeliaceae. Symbiosis 82: 79-93.

González-Benítez, N.; Bautista, L. F.; Simarro, R.; Vargas, C; Salmerón, A.; Murillo, Y.; Molina, M. C. (2020). Bacterial diversity in aqueous/sludge phases within diesel fuel storage tanks. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 36: 180.

Kulk, G.; Platt, T.; Dingle, J.; Jackson, T.; Jönsson, B. F.; Bouman, H. A.; Babin, M.; Brewin, R. J. W.; Doblin, M.; Estrada, M.; Figueiras, F. G.; Furuya, K.; González-Benítez, N.; Gudfinnsson, H. G.; Gudmundsson, K.; Huang, B.; Isada, T.; Kovac, Z.; Lutz, V. A.; Marañón, E.; Raman, M.; Richardson, K.; Rozema, P. D.; van de Poll, W. H.; Segura, V.; Tilstone, G. H.; Uitz, J.; van Dongen-Vogels, V.; Yoshikawa, T.; Sathyendranath, S. (2020). Primary production, an index of climate change in the ocean: satellite-based estimates over two decades. Remote Sensing 12: 826. PDF

Molina, M. C.; Bautista, L. F.; Catalá, M.; de las Heras, M. R.; Martínez-Hidalgo, P.; San-Sebastián, J.; González-Benítez, N. (2020). From laboratory tests to the ecoremedial system: the importance of microorganisms in the recovery of PPCPs-disturbed ecosystems. Applied Sciences 10: 3391. PDF

Nairn, C.; Rodríguez, I.; Segura, Y.; Molina, R.; González-Benítez, N.; Molina, M. C.; Simarro, R.; Melero, J. A.; Martínez, F.; Puyol, D. (2020). Alkalinity, and not the oxidation state of the organic substrate, is the key factor in domestic wastewater treatment by mixed cultures of purple phototrophic bacteria. Resources 9: 88.

Alors, D.; Cendón, Y.; Divakar, P. K.; Crespo, A.; González, N.; Molina, M. C. (2019). Differences in sexual aposymbiotic phase of the reproductive cycle of Parmelina carporrhizans and Parmelina quercina. Possible implications in its reproductive biology. Lichenologist 51: 175-186.

González-Benítez, N.; García-Corral, L. S.; Morán, X. A. G.; Middelburg, J. J.; Pizay, M. D.; Gattuso, J. P. (2019). Drivers of microbial carbon fluxes variability in two oligotrophic Mediterranean coastal Systems. Scientific Reports 9: 17669.

Irimia-Vladu, M.; Kanbur, Y.; Camaioni, F.; Coppola, M.;  Yumusak, C.; Irimia, C.; Vlad, A.; Operamolla, A.; Farinola, G.; Suranna, G. P.; González-Benítez, N.; Molina, M. C.;  Bautista, L.; Langhals, H.; Stadlober, B.; Głowacki, E.; Sariciftci, N. (2019). On the stability of selected hydrogen-bonded semiconductors in organic electronic devices. Chemistry of Materials 31: 6315-6343.

Regaudie-de-Gioux, A.; Huete-Ortega, M.; Sobrino, C.; López-Sandoval, D. C.; González, N.; Fernández-Carrera, A.; Vidal, M.; Marañón, E.; Cermeño, P.; Latasa, M.; Agustí, S.; Duarte, C. M. (2019). Multi-model remote sensing assessment of primary production in the subtropical gyres. Journal of Marine Systems 196: 97-106.

Vargas, C.; Simarro, R.; Reina, J. A.; Bautista, L. F.; Molina, M. C.; González-Benítez, N. (2019). New approach for biological synthesis of reduced graphene oxide. Biochemical Engineering Journal 151: 107331.

Daniels, C. J.; Poulton, A. J.; Balch, W. M.; Marañón, E.; Adey, T.; Bowler, B. C.; Cermeño, P.; Charalampopoulou, A.; Crawford, D. W.; Drapeau, D.; Feng, Y.; Fernández, A.; Fernández, E.; Fragoso, G. M.; González, N.; Graziano, L. M.; Heslop, R.; Holligan, P. M.; Hopkins, J.; Huete-Ortega, M.; Hutchings, D. A.; Lam, P. J.; Lipsen, M. S.; López-Sandoval, D. C.; Loucaides, S.; Marchetti, A.; Mayers, K. M. J.; Rees, A. P.; Sobrino, C.; Tynan, E.; Tyrrell, T. (2018). A global compilation of coccolithophore calcification rates. Earth System Science Data 10: 1859-1876.

Huete-Stauffer, T. M.; Arandia-Gorostidi, N.; González-Benítez, N.; Díaz-Pérez, L.; Calvo-Díaz, A.; Morán, X. A. G. (2018). Large plankton enhance heterotrophy under experimental warming in a temperate coastal ecosystem. Ecosystems 21: 1139-1154.

Bautista, L. F.; Vargas, C.; González, N.; Molina, M. C.; Simarro, R.; Salmerón, A; Murillo, Y. (2016). Assessment of biocides and ultrasound treatment to avoid bacterial growth in diesel fuel. Fuel Processing Technology 152: 56–63. PDF

Marañón, E.; Balch, W. M.; Cermeño, P.; González, N.; Sobrino, C.; Fernández, A.; Huete-Ortega, M.; López-Sandoval, D. C.; Delgado, M.; Estrada, M.; Álvarez, M.; Fernández-Guallart, E.; Pelejero, C. (2016). Coccolithophore calcification is independent of carbonate chemistry in the tropical ocean. Limnology and Oceanography 61: 1345-1357. PDF

Molina, M. C.; González Benítez, N.; Simarro, R.; Bautista, L. F.; Vargas, C.; García-Cambero, J. P.; Díaz, E. M.; Arrayás M.; Quijano, M. A. (2016). Bioremediation techniques for naproxen and carbamazepine elimination. Toxicity evaluation test. Chemistry Today 34: 31-38. PDF

Fuentes-Lema, A.; Sobrino, C.; González, N.; Estrada, M.; Neale, P. J. (2015). Effect of solar UVR on the production or particulate and dissolved organic carbon from phytoplankton assemblages in the Indian Ocean. Marine Ecology Progress Series 535: 47-61. PDF

Molina, M. C.; Divakar, P .K.; González, N. (2015). Success in the isolation and axenic culture of Anaptychia ciliaris (Physciaceae,  Lecanoromycetes) mycobiont. Mycoscience 56: 351-358.

Morán, X. A. G.; Alonso-Sáez, L.; Nogueira, E.; Ducklow, H. W.; González, N.; López-Urrutia, A.; Díaz-Pérez, L.; Calvo-Díaz, A.; Arandia-Gorostidi, N.; Huete-Stauffer, T. M. (2015). More, smaller bacteria in response to ocean’s warming? Proceedings of the Royal Society B 282: 20150371.

Pinedo-González, P.; West, A. J.; Tovar-Sánchez, A.; Duarte, C. M.; Marañón, E.; Cermeño, P.; González, N.; Sobrino, C.; Huete-Ortega, M.; Fernández, A.; López-Sandoval, D. C.; Vidal, M.; Blasco, D.; Estrada, M.; Sañudo-Wilhelmy, S. A. (2015). Surface distribution of dissolved trace metals in the oligotrophic ocean and their influence on phytoplankton biomass and productivity. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 29: 1763-1781. PDF

Bautista, L. F.; Vargas, C.; González, N.; Molina, M. C.; Simarro, R.; Salmerón, A.; Murillo, Y. (2014). Physical and chemical treatments to prevent the growth of microorganisms in diesel fuel storage tanks.Chimica Oggi – Chemistry Today 32: 56-71. PDF

Molina, M. C.; Divakar, P. K.; Zhang, N.; González, N.; Struwe, L. (2013). Non-developing ascospores found in apothecia of asexually reproducing lichen-forming fungi. International Microbiology 16: 145-155. PDF

Simarro, R.; González, N.; Bautista, L. F.; Molina, M. C.  (2013). Biodegradation of high-molecular-weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by a wood degrading bacterial consortium at low temperatures. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 83: 438-449. PDF

Simarro, R.; Gonzalez, N.; Bautista, L. F.; Molina, M. C. (2013). Assessment of the efficiency of in situ bioremediation techniques in a creosote polluted soil: Change in bacterial community. Journal of Hazardous Materials 262: 158-167. PDF

Simarro, R.; González, N.; Bautista, L. F.; Molina, M. C.; Schiavi, E. (2012). Evaluation of the influence of multiple environmental factors on the biodegradation of dibenzofuran, phenanthrene, and pyrene by a bacterial consortium using an orthogonal experimental design. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 223: 3437-3444. PDF

González, N.; Simarro, R.; Molina, M. C.; Bautista, L. F.; Delgado, L.; Villa, J. A. (2011). Effects of surfactants on PAH biodegradation by a bacterial consortium and on the dynamics of the bacterial community during the process. Bioresource Technology 102: 9438-9446. PDF

Simarro, R.; González, N.; Bautista, L. F.; Sanz, R.; Molina, M. C. (2011). Optimisation of key abiotic factors of PAH (naphtalene, phenanthrene and anthracene) biodegradation process by a bacterial consortium.Water, Air and Soil Pollution 217: 365-374. PDF

Bautista, L. F.; Sanz, R.; Molina, M. C.; González, N.; Sánchez, D. (2009). Effect of different non-ionic surfactants on the biodegradation of PAHs by diverse aerobic bacteria. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 63: 913-922. PDF

Molina, M. C.; González, N.; Bautista, L. F.; Sanz, R.; Simarro, R.; Sánchez, I.; Sanz, J. L. (2009). Isolation and genetic identification of PAH degrading bacteria from a microbial consortium. Biodegradation 20: 789-800. PDF

González, N.; Gattuso, J. P.; Middelburg, J. J. (2008). Oxygen production and carbon fixation in oligotrophic coastal bays and the relationship with gross and net primary production. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 52: 119-130. PDF

Marañón, E.; Pérez, V.; Fernández, E.; Anadón, R.; Bode, A.; González, N.; Huskin, I.; Isla, A.; Morán, X. A. G.; Mouriño, B.; Quevedo, M.; Robinson, C.; Serret, P.; Teira, E.; Varela, M. M.; Woodward, E. M. S.; Zubkov, M. V. (2007). Planktonic carbon budget in the eastern subtropical North Atlantic. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 48: 261-275. PDF

González, N.; Anadón. R.; Viesca, L. (2003). Carbon flux through the microbial community in a temperate sea during summer: the role of bacterial metabolism. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 3: 117-126. PDF

Marañón, E.; Behrenfeld, M. J.; González, N.; Mouriño, B.; Zubkov, M. V. (2003). High variability of primary production in oligotrophic waters of the Atlantic Ocean: uncoupling from phytoplankton biomass and size structure. Marine Ecology Progress Series 257: 1-11. PDF

González, N.; Anadón, R.; Marañón, E. (2002). Large-scale variability of planktonic net community metabolism in the Atlantic Ocean: importance of temporal changes in oligotrophic subtropical waters. Marine Ecology Progress Series 233: 21-30. PDF

Duarte, C.; Agustí, S.; Arístegui, J.; González, N.; Anadón, R. (2001). Evidence for a heterotrophic subtropical northeast Atlantic. Limnology and Oceanography 46: 425-428. PDF

González, N.; Anadón, R.; Mouriño, B.; Fernández, E.; Sinha, B.; Escánez, J.; de Armas, D. (2001). The metabolic balance of the planktonic community at the North Atlantic Subtropical Gyre: The role of mesoscale instabilities. Limnology and Oceanography 46: 946-952. PDF

Marañón, E.; Holligan, P.; Barciela, R.; González, N.; Mouriño, B.; Pazó, M.; Varela, M. (2001). Patterns of phytoplankton size structure and productivity in contrasting open-ocean environments. Marine Ecology Progress Series 216: 43-56. PDF

Marañón, E.; González, N. (1997). Primary production, calcification and macromolecular synthesis in a bloom of the coccolithophore Emiliania huxley in the North Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series 157: 61-77.

Molina, M. C.; Bautista L. F.;  Belda, I.;  Carmona, M.; Díaz, E.; Durante-Rodríguez, G.; García-Salgado, S.; López, J.; Martínez-Hidalgo, P.; Quijano, M. A.; White, J. F.; González, N. (2019). Bioremediation of soil contaminated with arsenic. In: Ashok, K., Swati, S. (eds)  Microbes and enzymes in soil health and bioremediation: 321-351. Springer, Berlin. PDF

Molina, M. C.; White, J. F.; Kingsley, K. L.; González-Benítez, N. (2019). Seed endophytes of Jasione montana: arsenic detoxification workers in an eco-friendly factory. In: Verma, S. K.; White, J. F. (eds.) Seed endophytes: biology and biotechnology: 365-384. Springer Nature Switzerland, Cham.

Salmerón, A.; Murillo, Y.; Bautista, L. F.; González, N.; Molina, M. C.; Vargas, C.; Simarro, R. (2015). Bacterial identification and assessment of treatments to avoid microbial growth in diesel fuel storage tanks.En: Bartz, W. J. (ed.) Fuel conventional and future energy for automobiles: 173-179.  Technische Akademie Esslingen, Ostfildern. PDF

González, N.; Bautista, L. F.; Molina, M. C.; Simarro, R.; Vargas, C.; Flores, R.(2013). Efecto de la concentración de surfactante y de la temperatura en la biodegradación de naftaleno, antraceno y fenantreno por Enterobacter sp., Pseudomonas sp. y Stenotrophomonas sp. aislados de un consorcio degradador de HAP.  Anales de Química 109 (3): 1–6. PDF